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Source: Al-Jazeera

Hindu and Sikh refugees in India still wait for nationality a year after a controversial citizenship law was passed.

By Srishti Jaswal

Amritsar, India – Surbeer Singh was just three years old when his family fled Nangarhar province in Afghanistan to escape religious persecution and war in the 1980s. They have since lived in the northern city of Amritsar, waiting to be granted Indian citizenship.

Last December, India’s Hindu nationalist government amended the country’s citizenship law to expedite nationality for persecuted immigrants – except Muslims – from three neighbouring countries, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.

But exactly a year since the controversial Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) was passed by the country’s parliament, no immigrant has been granted citizenship under the CAA.

A Sikh refugee, Surbeer, 33, is among some 31,313 eligible refugees in India, most of them from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who have been waiting for years to get Indian citizenship.

He is worried about his status as his visa expired in July. “I am living on borrowed time on a borrowed land,” Surbeer said.

“They ask me to return to the place I fled [from]. How can I go back now? For me, India is my home,” he told Al Jazeera, adding that the Afghan embassy asked him to return to Kabul to obtain his visa.

“We faced religious persecution in Afghanistan and Pakistan. We face identity discrimination in India,” said Surbeer.

In Amritsar, a community of refugee families lives together in an area just five kilometres from the Golden Temple, one of the holiest shrines in the Sikh religion.

Face discrimination

Surbeer, who works as a spare parts dealer, is one of the lucky few refugees to now own a house. “When we came to India, we struggled in a small rented room in Krishna Nagar of Amritsar. Over the years, I worked hard and eventually I bought a flat in Golden Avenue of Amritsar with help of my relatives. It is registered on my wife’s name as she is an Indian citizen.

“We are doing fine with God’s grace. We eat well, sleep well and work well. The only issue is of visa and identity,” said Surbeer, who lives with his family of five.

“In Amritsar, people at times call us Afghani and Pakistani. At times, the schools ask for legal documents, our kids are afraid of showing their Afghani and Pakistani passports. People don’t prefer marrying our sons. They don’t do business with us,” he said.

Hundreds of such families have settled in the border districts of the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan as well as the capital, New Delhi.

The government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the CAA aimed to help such refugees who have lived in India for years without any legal status.

But the controversial law, which sparked anti-Muslim riots in New Delhi, could not be availed by refugees as the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) failed to draft guidelines to operationalise it.

Al Jazeera mailed a detailed questionnaire to a MHA spokesperson but did not receive a response by the time of publication.

Hindu refugees return to Pakistan

Last month, more than 200 Hindu and Sikh refugees returned to Pakistan in financial hardship as the law was not in operation, drawing critics to question the government’s sincerity towards refugees.

India is not a signatory to the 1951 UN Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol, and it does not have a national policy on refugees, even though it is home to more than 200,000 refugees from Tibet, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.

The refugees from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh are granted long-term visas (LTV) initially for five years and then renewed every two years.

“LTV is no less than a house arrest. We are not allowed to leave the station without permission,” said Saran Singh.

As per their current visa norms, such migrants from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan are allowed to engage only in private employment. Children of such visa holders mostly drop out after schools as they are not allowed to move out of the city to pursue higher education.

“However the problem arises when our kids have to pursue higher education. At times technical education is not available in Amritsar and our kids are not allowed to leave the station without permission under the LTT visa norms,” said Saran Singh.

“Even if I have to go beyond the Golden Gate of Amritsar (borders of Amritsar city) for a check-up in hospital, I have to seek prior permission which may take days,” the 53-year-old said, referring to the curbs on his movement. Saran Singh arrived from Peshawar in Pakistan in 1999 along with his family of seven.

Harbhajan Singh, 42, who lives in Amritsar, says that he was held by the police for questioning as his brother visited the Golden Temple from Delhi without prior permission from police. Harbhajan and his brother, Harbans Singh, both fled Peshawar in 2012 but eventually were granted visas for Amritsar and Delhi respectively.

Shiv Kumar, a Hindu, left Pakistan’s Peshawar in 2005 along with his family seeking refuge in India.

“For different family members, the visa renewal date is different. It is such a complicated process that it takes the complete engagement of at least one family member who is given the responsibility of paperwork for all of us,” the 29-year-old told Al Jazeera. He is the sole earner in his family of six, including his elderly parents.

Protests against CAA

Many refugees have lived in India all of their lives but still have not been granted citizenship.

Surbeer from Afghanistan says his brother Arwinder Singh, who was born in India in 1994, is still not an Indian citizen.

“He wanted to study further, but the visa restricts him from leaving Amritsar. He dropped out of his education after class 12.”

But for many Muslim immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, getting Indian citizenship is impossible, as the new law bars Muslims from seeking citizenship.

Shabnam Khan (name changed) was married in 1996 to an Indian Muslim man in Fazilka village of the border state of Punjab.

“I am now a mother of two sons. I was hopeful that I will be accepted as an Indian, but 24 years have passed, I am still a Pakistani.” Khan is still living in India on a LTV. Now 40, she still faces the same issues as others while renewing her visa. “The COVID-19 lockdown made it even more difficult. In a year we have to visit Delhi at least twice or thrice for documentation. Every time they raise some objections which are only cleared if we agree to pay a bribe.”

The CAA was opposed by Muslims and liberal Indians, who said that by making faith a basis for citizenship, the law ran against the spirit of India’s secular constitution.

Many Muslims feared that the CAA, coupled with the National Register of Citizens (NRC), which aims to identify undocumented immigrants, could be used to disenfranchise them.

Xenophobic and anti-Muslim rhetoric pushed by leaders of the governing Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party has not eased their fears. Home Minister Amit Shah, considered Modi’s right-hand man, described Bangladeshi immigrants as “termites” and “infiltrators” and a threat to national security.

The BJP has also threatened to throw out Rohingya refugees seeking shelter in India.

Two BJP spokesmen Al Jazeera spoke to declined to comment on why the CAA has not been implemented so far, but Shaheen Kausar, a social activist closely associated with anti-CAA protests said the intention of the government was dishonest from the beginning.

“All these are tactics to divert the attention from the issues which might harm their interests. Such laws are brought so that they can take away voices of resistance and dissent. If the government cared so much for the refugees why isn’t the law implemented so far?” Kausar asked.

Manjinder Singh Sirsa, a politician with the Shiromani Akali Dal party in Punjab, said he supported the government when it brought in the new citizenship law. “It was supposed to provide relief to those who were waiting for years.

“I fail to understand what was the government’s purpose when they brought this law? Only the community can judge if the law was communal or a political stunt but those who were hopeful of help, they have been let down.”

Surbeer Singh showing a refugee card issued to him by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (L) and a photograph of his children who are Indian Citizens (R) [Srishti Jaswal/Al Jazeera]

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Sikh Afghan refugee shot dead

Source: The Hindu

All angles, including property deals are being looked into for leads: police

A 70-year-old pradhan of a gurdwara was shot dead by two bike-borne men outside his house in west Delhi’s Vikaspuri. No arrests have been made in the case yet, he police said on Tuesday. 

DCP (West) Deepak Purohit said that the victim has been identified as Attam Singh, a refugee from Afghanistan, who had come to India 28 years ago and settled here. 

According to the police, a PCR call was received around 5.30 p.m. on Monday about a firing incident. When the police reached the spot, they were informed that the injured had taken to a hospital where he was declared dead with bullet injuries on his head. 

Sale of property

The probe revealed that he had come from Afghanistan 28 years ago and settled here. He was one of the senior members managing the Anandpur Dham Gurudwara in Karala and was also dealing in sale purchase of property near the gurdwara. “We are looking into some recent deals he was involved in,” Mr Purohit said.

CCTV footage of the incident shows two men shooting at Singh. The victim was shot dead when he was stepping out of his car in front of his house. The accused flee the spot after shooting him. 

The police said that several persons, including family members and gurdwara staffers are being questioned to ascertain the identity of the accused and the motive behind the murder. All angles, including property deals are being looked into for any leads, the police said.

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Source: SikhNet

by Inderjeet Singh

he President of Afghan Hindu & Sikh Welfare Society, Khajinder Singh Khuranapassed away last month in Delhi. He was forefront in arranging accommodation, securing funding and other facilities for the recent Afghan Sikh refugees. I am sharing his short biography which I have translated from the upcoming book in Punjabi on Afghan Hindus and Sikhs by Dr Joginder Singh Tej Khurana, former member of the Afghan Great Assembly (Loya Jirga) 1990 -92.

Sardar Khajinder Singh was born in 1953 in the house of Bhai Mohar Singh Khurana and Mata Parkash Kaur in Shor Bazar, the old part of the city of Kabul. He completed his primary education at Khalsa Religious School, Kabul and was later enrolled in ‘Nadria Lacey’ for higher secondary education. Following this he joined the ‘British Council Kabul School’ to learn English and gained a certification which assisted him to serve in the UNESCO Kabul Office.

Later he joined his family business, where he proved to be a very successful in the import/export venture between Kabul & Dubai along with his brother Amarjit Singh, Manmohan Singh & Balbir Singh. He was part of the managing committee of Guru Nanak Religious School, Karte Parwan Kabul from 1975-80.

Sardar Jai Singh Fani (1941-77) the only independently elected Sikh Parliamentarian from Afghanistan was the younger brother of his Bhai Mohar Singh. The change in regime in December 1979 led the family to migrate to Delhi in 1980. He married Bibi Rajinder Kaur on January 2, 1983 at Gurdwara Greater Kailash, Delhi. He was later blessed with two sons and a daughter. Due to the unfavourable security conditions in Afghanistan, he left Afghanistan permanently in 1988.

Dr Khurana (not related) met Khajinder Singh in 1992 and found leadership qualities in him. Both joined the newly created Afghan Hindu-Sikh Welfare Society, Delhi and started community service together under the guidance of late Shri Ganga Ram (former Afghan Parliamentarian). In the year 2000, he was made the First Joint Secretary of the organisation, which he served very well till 2003. In May 2001, his book on history of Sikhs and Hindus in Afghanistan in Punjabi, Kabul di Sangat tee Afghanistan da Sankhep Ithas was released.

In early 2017 I contacted him in Delhi and he kindly sent a copy of the book to me in UK. I have duly referenced his work in my book, Afghan Hindus & Sikhs History of a Thousand Years.

Following the death of Shri Ganga Ram in 2003, Khajinder Singh became the President of Afghan Hindu-Sikh Welfare Society. He led the charity ably but his services for past five years are noteworthy. The killing of innocent Afghan Sikhs on 1st July 2018 and 25th March 2020 in Jalalabad and Kabul shook the community. He collaborated with the Khalsa Diwan Welfare Society for temporary settlement of Afghan Hindus and Sikhs in India, as well as the efforts of in acquiring Indian citizenship for them. Charity Khalsa Diwan Afghanistan UK and Central Night Germany Committee’s assisted in evacuating about 450 Afghan Sikhs from Kabul to Delhi in August this year.

The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) was passed in December 2019 offers citizenship to non-Muslims fleeing religious persecution from three nearby countries. Initially as a bill it was only limited to Pakistan and Bangladesh only. Khajinder Singh rose to the occasion and met Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee members, Akali Dal and Central Government Minsters to impress them to include Afghanistan citizens in the bill.

He understood the importance to lobby about the issue and build an opinion among the stakeholders.

On 13th September due to cardiac arrest he left this mortal world for the heavenly abode. The Afghan Sikh and Hindu community will remember his selfless services till their last breath. On a personal level I lost an elder friend whom helped me in my research, and it will be very difficult to fill his void in my life.

Wahe Guru Ji Apne Charna Vich Niwas Bakshan!

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Source: South Florida Times

Gagandeep Singh Soni, 13, was attending school at the Gurdwara Har Rai Sahib in Kabul, Afghanistan, earlier this year when he heard gunshots outside his classroom. Joginder Singh, his friend and classmate, had left to fetch tea for the entire class. A gurdwara is a place of assembly and worship for Sikhs.

Hearing the commotion, Gagandeep stepped out of the classroom and peered over the flight of stairs. To his horror, his friend was lying in a pool of blood downstairs, with a bullet lodged in his head.

“It was 7:30-7:45 in the morning, and we were in our class when we heard the gunshots. Joginder had gone to get tea for us. They killed him and his body was lying at the bottom of the stairs. We locked ourselves in the classroom and stayed inside till things normalized. We were terrified and scared,” Gagandeep said.

Gagandeep was among the 200-odd Sikhs trapped inside the gurdwara when armed assailants attacked on March 25. The 13-year-old lost his friend, who was one of the 27 killed that day. The Islamic State, also known as ISIS, claimed responsibility shortly after the attack.

The Sikhs are a minority in the Muslim-majority nation of Afghanistan. Once a community of around 700,000 in the 1970s, their number has declined sharply over the last four decades. Most have fled the war-torn nation amid threats of violence and persecution.

The recent attacks have prompted another wave of refugees fleeing to New Delhi, India. Gagandeep is one of them.

The refugees have been given temporary shelter by the Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee (DSGMC) across the gurdwaras in the national capital.

(From left) Manjeet Kaur Soni, Jagmeet Singh Soni and Gagandeep Singh Soni at the Bangla Sahib Gurudwara in New Delhi, India, on October 17, 2020. (Courtesy: Vipul Mishra.)

“We have made arrangements for them at three major gurdwaras — Bangla Sahib, Rakab Ganj and Moti Bagh. It’s a temporary shelter, and they will be shifted to rented accommodation in various parts of the city,” said Manjinder Singh Sirsa, president of DSGMC and a member of the Shiromani Akali Dal, a Sikh nationalist party from Punjab.

Sirsa was instrumental in facilitating the transportation of the refugees, with help from India’s home ministry and a number of organizations.

“After the incident, I met Amit Shah (India’s home minister) and asked him to help us out. He agreed, and we booked chartered flights and special planes to get them to India. The cost was borne by the voluntary Sikh organizations and members of the Sikh diaspora across the world,” he said.

The Afghan government also stepped up efforts to smooththeir transit.

“Their (Afghanistan’s) government has been more than helpful to the Sikhs and Hindus. In this case as well, they were quick to respond after the attack. They made all possible efforts to rescue those who were abducted and provided medical assistance,” a spokesperson for India’s External Affairs Ministry told Zenger News.

Among the refugees in India are brother and sister duo Manjeet Kaur Soni, 23, and Jagmeet Singh Soni, 27. Their father, Nirmal Singh, was killed in the March attack. Nirmal was the granthi or head priest at the gurdwara.

“It was the death anniversary of one of our relatives, and we had condolence prayers that day. As we went towards the praying area, shots were fired at us. Terrified, we went inside and locked ourselves in for over six hours,” Manjeet said, tears welling up in her eyes. “They killed my father, my sister-in-law and her three-year-old daughter.”

Such experiences have created a culture of trepidation and distress among the population of Afghanistan, which has been ravaged by conflict since 1979.

After the Soviet withdrawal in 1989, Afghanistan, once a beacon of secularism, fell into the hands of Islamist guerrillas (mujahideen), who could not come to an agreement on power sharing and civil war ensued.

“I loved going to school and my parents also encouraged me. But the situations became worse when I was in class XI. I started getting threats from some locals, which included the mujahideen as well. I had to quit school because of them,” said Manjeet, who then lived in the eastern province of Paktia.

As the country sank deeper into turmoil, it became more difficult for minorities, including the Sikhs, to survive the wave of Islamic extremism.

“Things became very difficult for us after the Soviet invasion. My parents were born here (Afghanistan) in the mid-1900s. I grew up in a different atmosphere and there was peace all around. Things started going downhill after the invasion in 1979 and have never become any better. The Sikh community lived in constant threat and fear,” said Tajinder Singh, 55, a resident in the central city of Ghazni.

Tajinder’s hands trembled in distress as he spoke of his life gone by, and his voice choked when he recalled certain instances.

“We have left everything behind, our home, kith and kin, culture. At this age, what will I do? Imagine being a refugee in a different country, a country where you might get a house but you will never be able to call it home,” Tajinder said.

The Sikh population in Afghanistan has primarily lived around Kabul, Jalalabad, Ghazni, Gardez and Nangarhar, among a few other cities. They have always played a key role in the Afghan economy and were involved in trade and exports. However, today’s Sikh youth must take on multiple roles in order to feed their families.

“Before the war, the export and import of garments to and from India and Europe was in the hands of the Sikh community. They were in the businesses of automobiles, construction, dry fruits, etc. They lived prosperous lives. But, now it’s different. Look at me, I work as a multimedia journalist/presenter, singer and also run a small cosmetic shop,” said Manjeet’s brother, Jagmeet.

The refugees in New Delhi said that they had fared better under the regime of former Afghan president Hamid Karzai.

“In the early 2010s, especially 2013, was a very good year for us. There was employment for everyone, kidnappings and killings were less, even the bomb blasts were rare. Afghanistan witnessed such a peaceful time after decades,” said Jagmeet.

Also at the time, the Taliban did not force its ideologies and customs on the Sikhs, allowing them to practice their religion and not interfering in their way of life. The women, too, were relatively safer.

“The Taliban didn’t bother us most of the times, except a few rare incidents. They would let us celebrate our festivals such as Diwali, Baisakhi, Gurupurab, etc., in peace. At times, they would also come along with us and celebrate outside their mosques. They did not force anyone to adopt Islam,” said Jagmeet.

However, things have taken a turn for the worst since 2018 when the Islamic State gained control in the country. They have made life more difficult for the Sikhs.

“They are barbaric in nature. If they can kill days-old infants and their mothers in hospitals, they do not have any religion. They can kill anyone,” said Surbeer Singh Khalsa, 40, a resident of Ghazni.

Many of the refugees who have come to India looking for peace and stability, however, do not wish to live in India for long. Without financial aid from the government, they have find ways to sustain themselves in a foreign land.

“We do not want to live here for long, maybe a couple months till this pandemic subsides,” Surbeer said. “This country has no employment opportunities, the cost of living is extremely high, there is a lot of pollution, social division on caste lines and the medical expenses are unaffordable.””

“We would like to move to either Europe, Canada or the U.S. whenever things settle a bit for us.”

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Source: Concord Monitor, Star Tribune

By TAMEEM AKHGAR Associated Press Published: 9/27/2020

KABUL, Afghanistan — Afghanistan’s dwindling community of Sikhs and Hindus is shrinking to its lowest levels. With growing threats from the local Islamic State affiliate, many are choosing to leave the country of their birth to escape the insecurity and a once-thriving community of as many as 250,000 members now counts fewer than 700.

The community’s numbers have been declining for years because of deep-rooted discrimination in the majority Muslim country. But, without what they say is adequate protection from the government, the attacks by the Islamic State group may complete the exodus.

“We are no longer able to stay here,” said a member of the tiny community, who asked to be identified only by his last name, Hamdard, out of fear he may be targeted for speaking out. Hamdard said seven relatives of his, including his sister, nephews, and son-in-law were killed by Islamic State gunmen in an attack on the community’s temple in March, which killed 25 Sikhs.

Hamdard said that fleeing his homeland is as difficult as leaving a mother behind. Still, he joined a group of Sikhs and Hindus who left Afghanistan last month for India, from where they will eventually move on to a third country.

Although Sikhism and Hinduism are two distinct religions with their own holy books and temples, in Afghanistan the communities are interwoven, having been driven into a kinship by their tiny size, and they both gather under one roof or a single temple to worship, each following their own faith.

The community has suffered widespread discrimination in the conservative Muslim country.

Under Taliban rule in the late 1990s, Sikhs and Hindus were asked to identify themselves by wearing yellow armbands, but after a global outcry, the rule was not enforced. Also driving the exodus is the inability to reclaim Sikh homes, businesses and houses of worship that were illegally seized years ago.

Aside from the March attack by IS gunmen, a 2018 Islamic State suicide attack in the city of Jalalabad killed 19 people, most of them Sikhs, including a longtime leader who had nominated himself for the Afghan parliament.

“Suffering big fatalities for a small community is not tolerable,” said Charan Singh Khalsa, a leader of the Sikh community living abroad, who declined to say where he was living out of fear for his safety. 

He left Afghanistan after his brother was kidnapped and killed in an attack by gunmen in Kabul two years ago. He said the last three years have been the worst period for all Afghans, but especially so for Sikhs and Hindus.

Community leaders have slammed recent governments for failing to step up security in the face of the IS threat.

Afghanistan’s government in 2010 decided to dedicate a chair in the national assembly to religious minorities, and there have since been two Sikh representatives.

But Khalsa called these posts “symbolic”. He criticized the government for taking too long to grant political representation powers to the community and for failing to “provide security to our places of worship.” 

A senior Sikh community leader told The Associated Press that the group is in negotiations with the government over its security needs and the repairing of the temple after it was destroyed in March’s attack. The community leader spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss the negotiations with the media.

At a press conference last month, President Ashraf Ghani’s spokesman, Sediq Sediqqi, said that members of the Afghan Sikh and Hindu community will return once peace is restored. The president’s office did not respond to a request for comment from the AP, but other Afghan officials have pledged to assist the community.

“We will use all our facilities to provide security to the people,” Interior Ministry spokesman Tariq Arian said, without elaborating. “We are committed and responsible for their (Sikhs and Hindus) mental and personal security.” 

It is not clear what kind of security measures are being discussed, nor when they might be seen on the ground.

Until then, the community’s flight is accelerating, with large numbers of Sikhs and Hindus continuing a recent trend of seeking asylum in India, which has a Hindu majority and a large Sikh population.

In August, a group of 176 Afghan Sikhs and Hindus went to India on special visas. They were the second batch since March, with the first 11 members arriving in India in July.

Khalsa said that a group of Afghan Sikhs and Hindus in Canada and European countries has volunteered to sponsor the exodus of those remaining in Kabul who cannot afford air tickets and temporary accommodation in a transit country.

Several Canadian legislators have asked the country’s immigration ministry for a special program for Afghan Sikh and Hindu refugees, requesting that they be brought to safety in Canada amid the increasing security threat.

For Afghan Sikhs, the thought of being uprooted is painful, despite the circumstances.

“It’s hard to leave our birthplace but we have no other option,” said Hamdard. “Afghanistan does not want us anymore.”

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Source: pIndia

Not too long ago, India provided refuge to twenty-one Hindu and Sikh families from Ghazni in Afghanistan. The constant threat to their lives and the hardships they have to endure is not something that is secret. Islamic terrorism and extremism has made the lives of ethnic and religious minorities in the war torn country a living hell.

While the Hindu and Sikh families came over to India, one man remained. He had to stay behind in order to take care of the Hindu Temple that still exists. His name is Raja Ram. He may have never set his feet in India but his name bears the unmistakable mark of the intimate relationship he shares with out country.

Raja Ram told Radio Free Afghanistan, “We all love our homeland, but they had to flee after the attacks.” “To everyone, their homeland is Kashmir,” he added. He further said, “Members of our community have left with broken hearts because of their worsening circumstances here.” His wife and four children have come to India, in the hope of a better future, but he chose to remain to take care of the Temple. He is paid nearly $100 by the Afghan government a month to take care of it.

The last Hindu of Ghazni still hopes that there will come a day when his wife and children will be able to return to the place they call home and live in peace. But perhaps, he knows in his heart that these are mere fantasies and it does not do well for people to dwell too much in them. “I hope that everyone will return to Afghanistan once there is peace here. The Hindus and Sikhs are sons of this soil — they are Afghans, too,” he said.

Hindus and Sikhs were once an 80,000 strong minority in Afghanistan but they are now vanishing. Most of them have come over to India while some, with the means for it, chose to leave for the West. In India, the beleaguered minorities have found a home and an opportunity to build a future for their children.

While they still miss their homeland, sometimes, as is human nature, they are grateful for the opportunity India has provided them with. And it is in their hopes that India finds the true meaning for its existence. It is the sacred duty of our country to provide shelter to Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists whose lives are in jeopardy in our neighbouring Islamic states.

The passage of the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019, was the first steptowards recognising this sacred duty that India bears towards these unfortunate victims of Islamic extremism. It was opposed tooth and nail by many but the misery that such refugees have to endure illustrates perfectly the necessity of it. In neighbouring Pakistan, we are daily witness to the savagery that the Hindu and Sikh minorities are subjected to.

The story of the last Hindu of Ghazni, Raja Ram, also demonstrates the sacrifices that Hindus have made through the ages to ensure the continued worship of our Gods and Goddesses. All alone in a hostile environment, with his children and wife away in a distant land, he chose to remain to ensure that a candle is still lit in the Temple that has been placed in his care. It is through these monumental sacrifices that our civilisation is sustained and the flag of our ancestors continues to fly high.

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Source: Hindustan Times

A total of 357 members of Afghanistan’s Sikh minority have arrived in India this year to escape persecution and targeted attacks by “terrorists and their sponsors”, the ministry of external affairs said on Thursday.

Requests from Afghan Sikhs to be granted permission to settle in India had increased since a terror attack on a Sikh place of worship in the Afghan capital earlier this year, MEA spokesperson Anurag Srivastava told a virtual weekly news briefing. 

Nearly 30 people, most of them Sikhs, were killed in the attack in Kabul in March. The attack was blamed on the Haqqani Network and Lashkar-e-Taiba, which have close ties with the Pakistani military establishment. 

“We have been receiving requests from Hindus and Sikhs in Afghanistan to grant them permission to settle down in India,” Srivastava said. 

“These requests have specifically gone up after the attack in the gurdwara in Kabul in March,” he said, without giving details regarding the number of requests received by New Delhi.

“We see a targeted persecution of the minority community members by terrorists and their sponsors, and this is a matter of serious concern,” Srivastava said. 

“To ensure their safety and well-being, the Indian mission in Kabul has been actively in contact with them and they are facilitated [for] their smooth arrival from Afghanistan despite the Covid-19 related restrictions,” he added. 

“So far, 357 members of the minority community have arrived from Afghanistan to India since the lockdown and the Indian Sikh community is assisting in making their stay comfortable in India,” he said.

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Source: Gandhara

GHAZNI, Afghanistan — As the last Hindu resident of Ghazni, Raja Ram is making a stand. Despite fears for his safety following the recent departure of the city’s last 21 Hindu and Sikh families to India, he insists on staying in his homeland.

The Hindus and Sikhs fled decades of uncertainty, attacks, and business losses in the capital of a province also called Ghazni, which once boasted a vibrant trading community of several hundred Hindu and Sikh families that sold spices, herbal medicines, and textiles in the city and beyond. The city of 270,000 is now mourning the loss of its Hindu and Sikh neighbors.

“We all love our homeland, but they had to flee after the attacks,” Ram told Radio Free Afghanistan, referring to a major attack on a Sikh temple this spring. The Islamic State (IS) militants claimed the March 25 attack, which killed 25 people in the capital, Kabul. The attack prompted the 250 families of Afghanistan’s tiny Hindu and Sikh community to begin the journey to India on special visas.

“To everyone, their homeland is Kashmir,” Ram said, quoting a Pashto proverb to illustrate that Afghanistan’s Hindu and Sikh minorities love their country as much as the fabled valleys of the disputed Himalayan region. “Members of our community have left with broken hearts because of their worsening circumstances here.” While members of two distinct faiths, Afghanistan’s tiny Hindus and Sikhs are considered one community.

While Afghanistan’s once 80,000-strong Hindu and Sikh community is on the verge of vanishing from the country, their Muslim neighbors and friends are saddened by their departure and long for the day when they can return.

Abdul Majeed, a shopkeeper, remembers growing up with Hindu and Sikh friends in Ghazni. “We are really sad the attacks and insecurity ultimately forced them to leave,” he said. “I wish they could have stayed here and enjoyed living a normal life alongside us.”

Ram, whose wife and four children have moved to India, is staying behind to look after a Hindu temple, a task for which the Afghan government pays him nearly $100 a month. He says his community has faced no persecution from Ghazni’s ethnic Pashtun, Tajik, or Hazara residents but the fear of being targeted in attacks by Islamist militants or kidnapped by criminals made them leave.

“Our forefathers have lived in harmony with local communities across Afghanistan,” he said.

Last month, Sardar Gurbachan Singh Ghazniwal left Afghanistan. Like Ram, he lived in Ghazni but lost his business and property in the chaotic years of civil war in the 1990s. He resisted leaving Afghanistan and continued living at the Kabul temple, but after losing nine relatives in the March 25 attack Ghazniwal joined a group of exiled Afghan Hindus and Sikhs in India.

He tells Radio Free Afghanistan he began to feel alienated in his homeland. “Whenever I rode in a bus or a taxi, my [Afghan] Muslim brothers asked me, ‘Where do you come from in India Sardar?’,” Ghazniwal said. “Even when I speak fluent Pashto and Dari, I am not considered an equal [citizen],” he added, referring to Afghanistan’s two major languages.

In Ghazni, residents lament that their Hindu and Sikh neighbors have left. “Sikhs are one of Afghanistan’s most peaceful communities,” said Haji Basir, a textile merchant in Ghazni’s Bazazi neighborhood. He says he often misses his neighbor, Otar Singh, who owned a shop next to his. “I am very sad that he has left. I am sad for all our compatriots Sikhs and Hindus who have left,” he told Radio Free Afghanistan.

Rahima, a housewife in Ghazni, misses her Hindu friend Sapna. “We were very happy and often visited each other’s houses,” she told Radio Free Afghanistan. “I often miss Sapna and am very sad that she left.”

Matiullah Kamalpuri, a local aid worker, says a large Hindu and Sikh community once thrived in the capital and provinces such as Ghazni, Helmand, Nangarhar, Khost, and Paktia. “They were a part of our national fabric,” he noted. “They were a patriotic people and were committed to serving our country and their communities,” he added. “We are saddened over their departure; it is a major loss.”

Wahidullah Jumazada, spokesman for the provincial governor, says the authorities are also dismayed over the departure of Ghazni’s Hindus and Sikhs. “They were a prominent fixture in our celebrations, but we now have no one to invite to our gatherings,” he said.

But Narender Singh Khalsa, Afghanistan’s lone Sikh lawmaker, wants the authorities to act to provide security so that they can have confidence in their future. “Four months after the attack on our temple, the government has done nothing to reconstruct it, so we do not see anything that can boost our confidence [that we are protected here],” he told Radio Free Afghanistan last month.

Back in Ghazni, Ram hopes to reunite with his wife and their two sons and two daughters in a peaceful Afghanistan where Hindus and Sikhs can live as equal citizens. “I hope that everyone will return to Afghanistan once there is peace here,” he said. “The Hindus and Sikhs are sons of this soil — they are Afghans, too.”

Abubakar Siddique wrote this story based on Habibur Rahman Taseer’s reporting from Afghanistan.

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Source: The World Sikh News

For the last thirty years, Kha­jin­der Singh had made his vo­ca­tion to sup­port the Afghan Sikh repa­tri­ates com­ing from Kabul and other parts of Afghanistan flee­ing the per­ilous sit­u­a­tion in the war-torn coun­try.  He passed away last evening fol­low­ing a mas­sive heart at­tack. He came to Delhi in 1990 it­self when the trou­bles started in Afghanistan and has since then has been the ‘Man Fri­day’ to many an Afghan Sikh in­di­vid­ual and fam­ily. He not only pro­vided sup­port in In­dia but en­abled not hun­dreds but thou­sands to go to the West, de­spite all odds. It is a trib­ute to his hard work that all Afghan Sikhs who are now vis­i­ble in the UK, USA, Eu­rope, Canada and other parts of the world, have had some as­so­ci­a­tion with him and his Afghan Sikh and Hindu Wel­fare As­so­ci­a­tion through which he main­tained live links with the In­dian gov­ern­ment and the UN­HCR of­fices in Delhi.

WHEN I SPOKE TO HIM JUST A FEW DAYS BACK, PRIOR TO THE AR­RIVAL OF THE SEC­OND BATCH OF AFGHAN SIKHS TO NEW DELHI,  KHA­JIN­DER SINGH KHU­RANA told me that in view of the stren­u­ous cir­cum­stances in which the Sikhs are com­ing from Afghanistan, he had post­poned his trip to Lon­don to meet his fam­ily there.  He spoke to me for more than an hour and spelt out all the minute de­tails of the arrange­ments that he and his team were mak­ing for the ar­rival of the Kabul San­gat.

He was wor­ried about the fact that Sikh or­gan­i­sa­tions en­gaged in the wel­fare of the Afghan Sikhs should not work at log­ger­heads with each other and to that end, he was re­cep­tive to sug­ges­tions. He had drafted an open let­ter for Sikh or­gan­i­sa­tions call­ing a spade a spade and was nice enough to dis­close the con­tents of the same, even though it was my sec­ond tele­phonic in­ter­ac­tion with me.

In view of the volatile sit­u­a­tion and with the last hun­dreds of Afghan Sikhs wait­ing in the wings for de­par­ture to In­dia, I re­quested him to ei­ther re­word the let­ter or drop it al­to­gether. He agreed and as much as I know he did not make an is­sue of any­thing.

Work­ing for three decades with peo­ple who have un­der­gone a trauma of one kind or an­other can be a trau­matic ex­pe­ri­ence it­self.  It is not pos­si­ble to ap­pease every­one, yet Kha­jin­der Singh took every­thing in his stride.

Khajinder Singh presenting his Punjabi book on History of Afghan Sikhs and Hindus to Afghan King Zakir Shah

Last year in De­cem­ber 2019, he presided over a meet­ing of well-wish­ers of Afghan Sikhs in Delhi, where there were in­vi­tees from Afghanistan, the USA and many from In­dia and Delhi. Harsaran Singh of the Global Sikh Coun­cil, who at­tended the meet told WSN on the phone about his fond mem­o­ries of Kha­jin­der Singh’s per­son­al­ity. He said, “He was a very gen­tle and sober-minded per­son, full of hu­mil­ity. Ris­ing from a hum­ble back­ground he be­came a well-known busi­ness per­son in the Delhi Sikh com­mu­nity.”

“While he is mostly known for his con­cern about the well-be­ing and safety of Sikhs left be­hind in his home­land Afghanistan, few peo­ple know that he was also con­cerned about fu­ture of Sikhs in other con­flict zones like Kash­mir and the fu­ture of Sikh youth there, which he dis­cussed dur­ing the meet­ing.”

“He was a very gen­tle and sober-minded per­son, full of hu­mil­ity. Ris­ing from a hum­ble back­ground he be­came a well-known busi­ness per­son in the Delhi Sikh com­mu­nity.” ~HARSARAN SINGH, GLOBAL SIKH COUN­CIL

The Bhai Ghanaiya Seva Dal from Kash­mir has ex­pressed deep con­do­lences at the demise of Kha­jin­der Singh.

Doc­u­men­tary Film­maker Afghan Sikh, now in the UK -Prit­pal Singh in a Face­book post has shared the pic­ture of Kha­jin­der Singh pre­sent­ing his book on the Afghan Sikhs and Hin­dus in the Pun­jabi lan­guage to the last King of Afghanistan -Za­hir Shah. Prit­pal Singh also tells us that, “Kha­jin­der Singh was closely re­lated to for­mer Afghan Sikh MPs -Jai Singh Fani and Gajin­der Singh.”

US-based film-maker Man­meet Singh, who has been part of the SaveAghan­Sikhs cam­paign, in his re­ac­tion on so­cial me­dia said, “Very sad news. It is heart­break­ing.”

“Soon af­ter the March 25 at­tack on Sikhs in Kabul, I met Kha­jin­der Singh at a so­cial func­tion in Delhi. We shared con­cerns and took up the mat­ter with var­i­ous Sikh bod­ies. When I spoke to him last, he seemed over­whelmed with the prob­lems of re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion of the Afghan Sikhs who had re­cently ar­rived,” said Chandi­garh-based Gur­preet Singh, Pres­i­dent of The In­sti­tute of Sikh Stud­ies.

Due to the COVID19 re­stric­tions, I did not get an op­por­tu­nity to meet the per­sona of a gi­ant who is no more, but I hope and pray that his legacy lives on. Our deep­est em­pa­thy to his fam­ily, friends and as­so­ci­ates.

The World Sikh News Team hopes and prays that some­body from amongst those who have come from Afghanistan will carry on the good work that still re­mains un­fin­ished as many Afghan Sikh fam­i­lies in Delhi are still star­ring at an un­cer­tain fu­ture.

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Source: Sikh24.com

S. Khajinder Singh Khurana (red turban) can been seen presenting his book – Kabul di Sangat- to the last King of Afghanistan, Zahir Shah. Picture courtesy: The Dutch Sikh.

NEW DELHI, India—S. Khajinder Singh Khurana, a prominent activist who worked tirelessly to relocate Afghani Sikh and Hindu families out of Afghanistan passed away yesterday due to cardiac arrest. Khajinder Singh was a very respectful member of the Sikh community and held in great regard by both Sikh and Hindu Afghani communities.

He recently played a very prominent role in arranging for the relocation of the Afghani Sikh and Hindu families, without taking any credit for his hard and tireless work. He was prominent in arranging for the entire relocation process, with the help of a handful of foreign-based Sikhs well-known to him.

Although today, the SGPC, DSGPC, and even BJP are taking credit for settling Afghani families in India, those who have already migrated to India in the past three months give credit to the hard work of Khajinder Singh.

After the attack on the Kabul Gurdwara Sahib in March earlier this year, S. Khajinder Singh was swift to get in touch with the families in Afghanistan. He worked with a handful of his colleagues to chalk out the entire strategy. At the same time, the World Sikh Organization and the Manmeet Singh Bhullar Foundation were trying to sponsor the Afghani Sikh and Hindu families to migrate to Canada, however, due to the process being slow, and considering the dire circumstances that were facing these families, Khajinder Singh worked tirelessly day and night to settle these families in India.

S. Khajinder Singh authored a Punjabi book on the history of Afghan Sikhs and Hindus.

Khajinder Singh was closely related to S. Jai Singh Fani and Gajinder Singh, the former Afghan Sikh MPs. He fled the Afghan civil war to India in the early 1990s. In India, he set up the Afghan Hindu and Sikh Welfare Society dealing visa and other issues faced by the first wave of Afghan refugees in India.

Speaking with Sikh24 earlier in June this year, S. Khajinder Singh said he appreciated efforts by the DSGMC in providing accommodations to the Afghani refugees but he said a lot more needs to be done to help these families. He called upon the SGPC and DSGMC to be honest if they wanted to help these families. His concern was that the SGPC had expressed interest in supporting these families financially, but hey had not made any communication with Afghani Sikh leaders.

Before his passing away, S. Khajinder Singh was working on permanently settling these families in rental houses after their quarantine period was over. A few families had already been settled in rental houses in and around New Delhi. All of this was possible with the hard work of S. Khajinder Singh and his team of volunteers as the DSGMC and SGPC failed to provide a long term strategy for the settlement of these families.

At the time when Sikh24 last spoke with S. Khajinder Singh, around 200 Afghan Sikh families were living in the serais (rest houses) of prominent Sikh shrines in India’s national capital New Delhi. 138 persons had been accommodated in 31 rooms of Gurdwara Motibagh’s rest house which means that averagely 4-5 Afghan Sikhs were forced to live in a single room meant for two adults only. He said this was the best that could be done considering there was no financial support from any organization for this project. He said even this would not have been possible without the support of the DSGMC, especially Majinder Singh Sira.

“Although, the Indian government has saved our lives by evacuating us from Afghanistan but now we have a big challenge in front of us to bring our lives back on track. We have left our properties and businesses in Afghanistan and here we are standing as penniless so the Indian government must take into consideration the needs of our lives,” an evacuated Afghan Sikh told Sikh24 after settling down in India.

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