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Archive for the ‘Language’ Category

Continuity and Change in the Diaspora

A research paper on the Afghan Hindu and Sikh diaspora community in the West and how it has changed in recent years in regards to topics such as language, religion, and social customs.

Abstract:

Whether it was due to conflict or in search of better opportunities, migrating populations have provided opportunities for culture to develop in unique ways. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and subsequent conflicts led to the emergence of an Afghan Hindu and Sikh diaspora as members of that community left the country to find safety in the West. This diaspora has experienced several changing trends in recent years. My goal in writing this paper was to explore how the culture of the Afghan Hindu and Sikh community has changed through the question: “To what extent has the emergence of a diaspora been a force for cultural change in the Afghan Hindu and Sikh diaspora community in the West?”. I referenced different ethnographies conducted in the past that studied the Afghan diaspora, and conducted informal interviews with various knowledgeable community members to gather qualitative data and personal perspectives. I investigated the context of this diaspora and how immigration to other countries has affected language, identity, and the institutions of religion, marriage, and family in these Afghan Sikh and Hindu communities. I also examined the various factors that have influenced those changes. Moving in the midst of new culture added many more layers of complexity to an already multi-faceted communal identity. Diaspora has also changed the way religion and customs are practiced, as they pick up Western influences, and intermarriage with other communities has become more common. Furthermore, the mother tongue is being spoken much less by those in the second and third generation, and many fear it will become extinct in the near future. However, Sikhs have retained much more continuity than Hindus in regards to language, religious traditions, and marriage as a result of a much more close-knit community.

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Kandhari and Siraiki

A short article by Aslam Rasoulpuri

 

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Numbers in Kandhari

By WebMaster

1 hk
2 DO
3 triy
4 cAr
5 pnj
6 cha
7 st
8 ITh
9 no^
10 DA
11 yArA^
12 BArA^
13 tarA^
14 coDA^
15 pndhIrA^
16 sOlA^
17 stArA^
18 IThArA^
19 onE^
20 vE
21 IkvE
22 BAvE
23 travE
24 covE
25 pnjvE
26 chvE
27 stAvE
28 IThAvE
29 onItrE
30 trE
31 IktrE
32 BtrE
39 ontAlE
40 cAlE
49 o~vnjhA
50 pnjhA
59 o~A^Th
60 sTh
69 ontr
70 stR
100 so
101 hksohk
102 hksoDO
1000 hzAr

 

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Kandhari Alphabet

By WebMaster

Letter Sound Sample Word Translation
~
khAwa~ to eat
a a in English a this
A long A tAr string
b b in English buwA aunt
B BuwA door
bh bhat oat meal
c ch in English cA take
ch chA yogurt drink (lasi)
D De give
d d in English dAl lentils
e a in English ter deceive
E ee in English tEr arrow
f f in English furnA worry
G r in French GAlEn carpet
g g in English garam hot
h h in English hath hand
i i in English siT web site
j j in English jwArE corn
I a in English ITh eigth
jh jhar clouds
k k in English kelA banana
kh khEr rice pudding
K ch in German KarAb bad
l l in English lamA long
m m in English mrd man
N
Nand tooth
n n in English naram soft
o short o khotA donkey
O long o kORA bitter
p p in English per foot
ph pherA going around
q hard k qalam pen
r r in English ro cry
R hard r pakoRA a deep fried snack
s s in English sr head
t t in french tu you
T t in English roTE food
th thEva~ to become
Th oThEva~ to wake up
U long u kURA lier
u short u Tur come
v v in English devAl wall
z z in English zard yellow
y may I
^ nasal tusA^ you – plural

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